Glaucoma damage is permanent – it cannot be reversed. But medicine and surgery help to stop further damage.
To treat open-angle glaucoma, we may use one or more of the following treatments:
Glaucoma is usually controlled with eye drop medicine. The eye drops lower eye pressure by reducing the amount of aqueous fluid the eye makes. Others reduce pressure by helping fluid flow better through the drainage angle.
Eyedrop medications include:
- Beta blockers
- Alpha-adrenergic agonists
- Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
- Rho kinase inhibitor
- Miotic or cholinergic agents
If eyedrops alone don’t bring your eye pressure down to the desired level, we may also prescribe an oral medication.
Laser surgery and other therapies
There are two main types of laser surgery to help aqueous drain from the eye and stop the progression of glaucoma.
- Laser trabeculoplasty
- Filtering surgery
- Drainage tubes
- Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery
Acute angle-closure glaucoma requires urgent treatment to reduce the pressure in your eye. This typically requires both medication and laser or a surgical procedure such as iridotomy.